Session 7

Family connected demographic behaviours in contemporary Europe
Mihaela Hărăguş (researcher, PhD., Centre for Population Studies, „Babeş-Bolyai” University Cluj)

SESSION 1: Fertility


Traian Rotariu :Câteva consideraţii asupra fenomenului naşterilor extramaritale în România, comparativ cu alte populaţii europene
Facultatea de Sociologie şi Asistenţă Socială, Universitatea “Babeş-Bolyai” şi Centrul de Studiere a Populaţiei, Cluj-Napoca

Mihaela Hărăguş – Câteva caracteristici ale comportamentului reproductiv extramarital în România. O abordare din perspectiva cursului vietii – Characteristics of nonmarital childbearing in Romania. A life course approach
Facultatea de Sociologie şi Asistenţă Socială, Universitatea “Babeş-Bolyai” şi Centrul de Studiere a Populaţiei, Cluj-Napoca

Réka Geambasu: Patriarchy between and beyond the walls of the household gender inequalities on the Transylvanian labour market
Facultatea de Sociologie şi Asistenţă Socială, Universitatea “Babeş-Bolyai” Cluj-Napoca

Contributed papers:

Ana-Maria Dumitrescu: Maternitatea timpurie între cultură şi modernitate
Şcoala Doctorală de Sociologie din Bucureşti; prep. univ în cadrul Universităţii din Piteşti

Magdalena Vicovan şi Dana Paula Brăiescu : Natalitate şi Solidaritate Socială
Universitatea ,,Alexandru Ioan Cuza” Iaşi, Facultatea de Filosofie şi Stiinţe Social Politice

Réka Geambasu (Facultatea de Sociologie şi Asistenţă Socială, Universitatea “Babeş-Bolyai” Cluj-Napoca), Eszter Kelemen (Department of Environmental Management, University of Szent István, Gödöllő), Boldizsár Megyesi (Institute for Political Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Zsófia Somogyi (Bay Zoltán Foundation for Applied Research, Institute for Applied Telecommunication Technologies):
The Role of Ambient Intelligence in the Home-Based and Institutional Care of the Elderly

SESSION 2: Other family connected demographic behaviours


Vasile Gheţău: Două faţete demografice ale pensionarilor din România: prognoză 2010-2030 şi speranţă de viaţă
Facultatea de Sociologie şi Asistenţă Socială, Universitatea Bucureşti

Erzsébet Földházi: Divorce in Hungary and among Hungarian people living in Transylvania
Demographic Research Institute, Budapest

Cornelia Mureşan and Mihaela Hărăguş: Cum să înţelegem schimbările actuale ale fertilităţii în România – Understanding current changes of fertlity in Romania
Facultatea de Sociologie şi Asistenţă Socială, Universitatea “Babeş-Bolyai” Cluj-Napoca

Cristina Oaneş – Comportamentul contraceptiv în România: dovezi din Ancheta Generaţii şi Gen
Facultatea de Sociologie şi Asistenţă Socială, Universitatea “Babeş-Bolyai” Cluj-Napoca

Contributed papers:

Emilia-Maria Sorescu: The family of the future – no marriage, no children, no elderly?
Facultatea de Teologie, Specializarea Asistenţă Socială, Universitatea din Craiova


During the last decades, profound changes have been observed in family connected demographic behaviours:

  • Fertility has decreased and all European countries experience below replacement fertility, although there are important differences in fertility levels across the continent.

Surveys have revealed the gap which exists between the desired number of children (above 2) and the actual number (around 1.5, as a European average). It seems that there are obstacles that discourage people to achieve the desired family size, such as late access to employment, job instability, expensive housing and lack of incentives (family benefits, parental leave, child care, equal pay). Developing of efficient family policies has become a constant preoccupation of governs, since many European societies are confronting with population aging, as a result of long term below replacement fertility.

  • Previously dominant social institutions such as marriage are becoming increasingly unstable. Divorce rates have raised and family forms have diversified. Cohabitation – as a prelude to marriage, as an alternative to single or an alternative to marriage, with or without children – is more spread and in some countries it has become indistinguishable from marriage. Living apart together has become very popular in some countries. Divorce and separation do not favour childbearing and previous studies have shown that cohabiting couples have fewer children that married couples.
  • The lives of young adults have changed as a result of the prolonged education, the transformation of social norms, the changes in the patterns of leaving parental home and partnership formation, the new character of risk and uncertainty. On this background one speaks about the destandardization of the life-course: the standard order of the life-course events has been abandoned. The classical succession: finishing education – labour force entry – leaving parental home (usually in connection with marriage) – childbearing, is reordered, by an increasing share of the population. Moreover, new phases are added, such as living single or with people of the same age, premarital cohabitation or cohabitation replacing marriage, childbearing and childbirth before or outside marriage, events that can appear before finishing education or before labour market entry. These manifestations are more spread in western and northern European countries, but they are increasingly visible in Romania, too.
  • The traditional division of paid and unpaid work between partners has been called more and more into question. Women invest more in their education and career and want their partners to involve more in domestic work and in childcare. Transition to parenthood has strongly different implications for men and women, both in paid work and in domestic sphere.

In connection with all these changes in family life, we welcome papers that address possible factors that maintain the discrepancy between fertility intentions and outcome, possible policy actions, the diversification of family forms and how this affects childbearing behaviour, the changes in the life-course of young adults, the connection between gender issues, women education and employment and family formation and childbearing.

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