Session 4

 

Education: new and old challenges to democracy and social cohesion
Adrian Hatos (associate professor, PhD., Universitatea Oradea)
***Stream of sessions with:
Eleven years after Bologna: reform or crisis escalation?

Adrian Hatos (associate professor, PhD., Universitatea Oradea)
Bogdan Voicu (researcher, PhD., Quality of Life Research Institute – ICCV, Bucharest)

SESSION 1: Opportunities

Presentations:

Adrian Hatos: When social reproduction melts into sheer segregation: multilevel comparison of the achievements of lower and upper secondary students in Romania
University of Oradea

Liliana Ionaş: Status predictors. The contribution of family and school in the social attainment process
„1 Decembrie 1918” University, Alba Iulia

Roxana Toader: Family background factors in the level of education
University of Bucharest, Department of Sociology and Social Work

Sorana Săveanu: Cultural capital and academic success
University of Oradea

Mădălina Niţoiu Matei: Access to Education of Gypsy/Roma Children
The Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania

Claudia Oşvat and Sorana Săveanu: Educational attainment of children with neuro-motor disabilities from Bihor County
University of Oradea

Krisztina Bernáth and Sergiu Bălţătescu: Marginality in social networks and feelings of exclusion in Romanian high school classrooms
Partium Christian University Oradea, University of Oradea

Contributed/distributed papers:
Pescaru Maria: Consecinţele migraţiei  familiei contemporane asupra creşterii şi educării copiilor
University of Piteşti

SESSION 2: Values in education

Tímea Ceglédi: Value Added By Secondary Education and Its Institutional Effects Carried To Higher Education
University of Debrecen, Doctoral Program for Educational Sciences

Valeriu Frunzaru, Loredana Ivan, Nicoleta Corbu, Remus Pricopie: What High School Pupils Do After Graduation. Recommendations for Education and Employment Policies
College of Communication and Public Relations, National School of Political and Administrative Studies

Svetlana Akutina: Forming ethical moral values among teenagers in the dialogue “Family- School”
Arzamas Pedagogical Higher Institution

Mihaela Ciobanu (Grasu): Inclusive Education in Romania – between democracy and exclusion
„Al.I. Cuza” University Iasi

Contributed/Distributed papers

Butnaru Marta: Educaţia pentru o viaţă sănătoasă – o nouă provocare pentru dascălii de astăzi
Facultatea de Sociologie şi Asistenţă Socială, Universitatea Bucureşti

Alexandrescu Maria: Familia şi şcoala în procesul de schimbare socială
„Al.I. Cuza” University Iasi

SESSION 3: Eleven Years after Bologna: Reform or Crisis Escalation? General Trends

Presentations:

Dan Jecan: Is more education better? Educational expansion and its consequences in Europe
Faculty of Sociology and Social Work, Babeş-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca

Teodora Capotă: Academic rankings. The competition for recognition
Faculty of Sociology and Social Work, Babeş-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca

Robert D. Reisz: Private higher education. The perspective of organizational ecology
UVT & Martin Luther Universität, Halle

Réka Plugor: Planned and happenstance higher education policies: the case of the United Kingdom and Romania
Centre for Labour Market Studies, University of Leicester

SESSION 4: Eleven Years after Bologna: Reform or Crisis Escalation? Bologna Process and Its Effects

Presentations:

Réka Geambasu (Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca), Zita Kiss (Max Weber Foundation for Social Research, Cluj-Napoca), Agnes Pakot („Corvinus” University Budapest):
Bologna
Process From Below. Reshaping the Meanings of Higher Education in Students’ Perceptions

Geta Nepotu: Current perspectives of structural funds in higher education
“A. I. Cuza” University, Iaşi

Szilvia Barta: The Comparison of Students’ Academic Value-Systems at The Two Different Levels of Bologna Career
University of Debrecen, Doctoral Program for Educational Sciences

Marian Vasile: Employability of sociology graduates from University of Bucharest. Would Bologna generations be different?
Quality of Life Research Institute (ICCV), Bucharest

Contributed/distributed papers:

Todorescu Liliana –Luminita: Procesul Bologna  şi implicaţiile sale asupra mobilităţilor din  învăţământul universitar ethnic
Universitatea “Politehnica” din Timisoara

Miriam Costea: Învăţarea în universităţile româneşti – o perspectivă organizaţională
Universitatea Bucuresti

DESCRIPTION

Education – New and Old Challenges to Democracy and Social Cohesion

The technocratic discourse on education tends to overlook the axiological and ethical debates surrounding the formation of younger generations and to minimize the role of formal education in shaping the tomorrow’s world besides the aim of generating a productive workforce. Themes like effectiveness and competitiveness may obscure the deep issues of social justice and value orientation that affect today’s education, in Romania as well as elsewhere. Social cohesion, personal well being and democracy are as much outcomes of education as productivity and efficiency. Now, more than ever, social scientists have to address the topics of social stakes of education as well as the questions of equity, equality of opportunity and of values transmitted through schools.

This section welcomes articles devoted to several themes which are so important for the future landscape of citizenship and democracy: inequalities in access to education, aspects of moral and political socialization, content selection in education (sociology of curriculum), contextual vs. individual determinants of educational achievement, education and social attainment in the light of new avenues of stratification, risks in education.

Both qualitative and quantitative materials are awaited as each methodological approach can provide valuable insights into the themes proposed by the session conveners. Papers that promote innovative approaches, be them new conceptual, theoretical perspectives or new investigative techniques, to old or new problems, will get a special attention during the selection of submitted articles

Interdisciplinary approaches, at theoretical as well as at the empirical level, are also welcomed. As policy discussions can benefit greatly from comparative analyzes, papers that put national realities into an international frame of reference will also get at special consideration.

Eleven Years after Bologna: Reform or Crisis Escalation

European higher education area has been put in the last decades under heavy ideological, political and economical pressures. Consequently, continent-wide transformations like the Bologna process produced a wide range of changes whose scope remains largely unclear but succeeded in raising discontent and anxiety in and around the universities. Not surprisingly, the content and relevance of universities is nowhere in question as acute as in Europe.

In fact, today, the field of European and global higher education seems to be dominated by tensions and contradictions in at least the same degree it was when Bourdieu has published his analyzes on the French university system but much more driven by a market-like logic than before. Academics and policy makers have different visions of university, higher education institutions are competing for recognition, students and public or private resources in an escalating clash that is equaled only by the ones between generations of academics and the faculties themselves. The university finds itself in an identity crisis itself since its mission is stated in contradictory terms: research vs teaching, corporatist vs. entrepreneurial, vocational or academic, education vs service provision etc.

Ignorance of the social science tradition of reflection and research about higher education in its social context is part of the problem itself. Nevertheless, social scientists are nowadays displaying a perplexing low-profile when thinking and speaking of recent developments in higher education are concerned. Pervasive use of catch phrases like ‘knowledge society’, ‘labor market relevance’, ‘quality assurance’ or ‘competence based education’ cannot hide the tensions in the field and realities like massification combined with persistent inequalities of access, priority of degrees over knowledge and loss of legitimacy of universities. Moreover, sound theoretical perspectives on higher education with strong roots in sociological tradition, like the new institutionalism or the thesis of credential society appear systematically ignored in policy documents produced in the field. Therefore, our session aims to bring together sociologists and other social scientist from Romania and abroad to discuss the modern university in relation with it’s social environment and to assess the recent trends in higher education policies.

National case studies and comparative analyzes are both welcome to help us understanding and assessing the latest changes in the European area of higher education. The conveners will provide special attention to papers containing empirical, interdisciplinary and theoretically and/or methodologically innovative approaches to the topics proposed. Depending on the number and quality of submitted materials we will propose the supplementation of panels or the organization of workshops focusing on one or more of the themes mentioned above.

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