Session 20

Social Values 2008. Longitudinal and Comparative Perspectives
Mălina Voicu (researcher, PhD., Quality of Life Research Institute – ICCV,  Bucharest)
Bogdan Voicu (researcher, PhD., Quality of Life Research Institute – ICCV, Bucharest)

PRESENTATIONS:

Cosima Rughiniş: Crossroads of Science and Religion. Acceptance of Evolution in Ten Post-Communist European Societies
University of Bucharest

Zoltan Lakatos (Eotvos Lorand University of Sciences, Budapest)
Zoltan Pogatsa
(University of West Hungary, Sopron)
Post-Modern Value Shift Under Post-Communism: Artifact or Reality?

Horaţiu Rusu („Lucian Blaga” University, Sibiu)
Mircea Comşa („Babeş-Bolyai” University, Cluj-Napoca
How values change in Eastern Europe: a longitudinal and cross-national analysis on youths

Mălina Voicu (ICCV, Bucharest)
Edurne Bartolomé (University of Deusto Bilbao)
Socialization or Context? Patterns of support for democracy in Spain and Romania

Nicolae Perpelea (ISAR, Bucharest)
Impactul mediilor de comunicare asupra poziţionării actorilor sociali în câmpul vizibilităţii etice

DESCRIPTION:

The longitudinal changes in values and attitudes are usually attributed to three processes: individual aging, socialization effects and contextual effects. According to the aging approach, people may change their values and beliefs as they become older. The second theory attributes the transformations to cohort changes, i.e. the changes occurring due to the modification in the population’s structure. The third perspective assigns the transformation to historical changes in context and considers changes in opinions and values to be reactions to changing circumstances. In stable societies, which do not experienced significant contextual changes, transformation in attitudes and values occurs mainly based on cohort replacement mechanisms. Therefore, values change is the result of a ‘silent revolution’ (Inglehart, 1990, 1997) produced by the population turnover.

Post-communist countries have experienced significant social, economic and, political transformations during the last two decades. In the political life free elections and multi-party democracy were introduced, while a great number of countries from Central and Eastern Europe member of NATO and the European Union. Planned economy was replaced by the market one. In the social sphere new phenomenon, like the emergence of civil society, poverty or external migration occurred. All these change have had an imprint on the population’s values and attitudes, producing rapid transformation of cultural patterns due to contextual changes.

This raises some significant questions: how values changed in post-communist countries and in which direction? Which is the main mechanism of values change in post-communist countries? Are contextual effects more important than cohort replacement or we face a ‘silent revolution’ similar to that identified in stable democracies from Western Europe and North America?

The session addresses these research questions and tries to identify the main mechanism of values change in Central and Eastern Europe. We welcome empirical contributions which deal with both longitudinal and cross-sectional comparisons of transformation of values patterns in post-communist countries and which analyze the most recent data of European Values Study, collected in 2008. Papers approaching generational effects on transformation of values and attitudes related to family life, religion, tolerance, environment protection, and democratization are especially welcome.

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