Session 12

Inequalities, Old and New: Romania in Cross-National Perspective
Joshua Kjerulf Dubrow (assistant professor, PhD, Polish Academy of Sciences)
Irina Tomescu-Dubrow (assistant professor, PhD, Polish Academy of Sciences)
Kazimierz M. Slomczynski (professor, PhD, Ohio State University)

Cross-National Studies: Interdisciplinary Research and Training Program (CONSIRT):

Please visit the  Working Group on Political Inequality sponsored by the Committee on Political Sociology of the International Sociological Association (ISA).  The main goals of the Working Group are to stimulate high-quality research and training in the study of political inequality, and to form a network of scholars interested in the field.


Kazimierz M. Slomczynski, The Ohio State University and the Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences
and Irina Tomescu-Dubrow, Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences:
The Matthew Effect and Social Class Inequality: Romania in the European Context

Joshua Kjerulf Dubrow, Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw
and Nicolina Dumitras, Graduate School for Social Research, Warsaw
Romanian Women’s Enduring Political Inequality in Comparative Perspective


Georgescu-Păun Laura: Researching Gender Equality in Politics at the Local Level
Facultatea de Studii Europene, Universitatea “Babes-Bolyai” Cluj-Napoca

Gyöngyvér Tőkés: Digital inequalities among the adolescents in Romania: socio-economic dimensions of internet usage
Sapientia University, Cluj-Napoca


The purpose of this session is to discuss current research on changes in inequality, with Romania in cross-national perspective.  Across space and time, social, economic and political processes shape and reshape social structures and the inequalities they carry. These processes make and remake social structures whose constant features are social change and asymmetrical relationships. Dynamic social structure begs the question: how are inequalities simultaneously enduring and changing? We argue that even during radical social transformation – such as in Romania – key features of social life have stratifying effects. At the same time, dynamic mechanisms of social inequality, such as labor markets, social conflicts and political power struggles especially, are potent explanations for how inequalities are both old and new, made and remade.

This session, to be conducted in English, seeks empirical papers focusing on mechanisms that, based on research both in Romania and cross-nationally, best explain “who gets what and why.” Such classic topics as social class and social stratification position – measured by education, occupation – can be supplemented by topics including income mobility and career attainment.  Of special interest are analyses of previously underemphasized inequalities, like those related to power resources and social capital, as well as dynamic analyses of social inequality.

This session highlights Romania’s place within a cross-national context.  While each country has unique features, cross-national comparisons – if approached with care – reveal similarities between countries, and bring into stark relief their differences.  While Romania’s recent history has obvious parallels to their post-communist neighbors, various post-communist countries are not the only possible points of comparison. Western Europe can also be an interesting contrast. We encourage papers that reflect creativity in cross-national theory and methods.  Quantitative analyses of cross-national data, such as the World Values Survey (WVS) and the European Social Survey (ESS) are especially encouraged.

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